Piano Restoration & Repair
in South Dakota
If you own a piano that is due or even over-due for quality refinishing, repair or restoration of any kind, from Aberdeen to Bison, to Hidden Timber to Pine Ridge to
Castle Rock to Sioux Falls, your piano repair is as close as the entrance to your local interstate highway. Our expert movers are picking up, delivering & delighting piano lovers all across South Dakota and the country every day with pianos we repair and restore.
The Evolution of the Piano Keyboard
The piano we know today typically has 88 keys which covers seven full octaves, from C1 to c''''', and a quarter octave on the bottom end, down to an A, but with the Bösendorfer, the bottom end goes down an extra nine notes (the "Imperial"). The keyboard represents each octave with seven white keys (the whole notes) and five black keys for the sharps.
According to the Harvard Dictionary of Music (2nd edition, Willi Apel, Harvard University Press, 1975, p. 451):
This arrangement is the natural result of the fact that the fundamental scale of Western music consists of seven tones, which are given to the white keys. Except for the steps e-f and b-c' the intervals between these tones are whole tones, each of which admits the introduction of a semitone in between, represented by a black key.
Over the years, there have been challenges to the classical keyboard layout:
Although the introduction of equal temperament, which permits unlimited transposition, seriously weakened the dominating position of the white keys, the old "C-major keyboard' has proved fully capable of adapting itself to the new system and has to the present day successfully withstood all attempts at reform, e.g., the adoption of the truly "chromatic keyboard", in which all scales beginning on a white key would have the same arrangement and consequently the same fingering (as would all those beginning on a black key).